Date of Original Version
Anthropogenic oil spills such as the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill present a number of unique challenges in environmental remediation, detection, and monitoring of a wide range of toxicants in complex environments. We have previously reported the use of cyclodextrin derivatives to accomplish the selective extraction of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and facilitate their detection via proximity-induced energy transfer. Reported herein is the ability of these cyclodextrins to operate in a real-world scenario: extracting PAHs from oil collected from an oil spill site and from tar ball extracts into crude seawater from the Narragansett Bay in Rhode Island. The ability of this system to operate in this complex environment highlights the practical significance of cyclodextrin-based systems, and a direct comparison of the results obtained in seawater with those obtained using a variety of aqueous solvent systems provides significant insights into the factors responsible for efficient performance.
Serio, N., & Levine, M. (2015). Solvent Effects in the Extraction and Detection of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons from Complex Oils in Complex Environments. Journal of Inclusion Phenomena and Macrocyclic Chemistry. Advanced online publication.
The final publication is available at Springer via: http://www.dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10847-015-0583-y