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Adiponectin is a protein hormone that modulates glucose metabolism and fatty acid oxidation. Weexplored the clinical implication of serum adiponectin in hepatogenic diabetes. Serum adiponectin levels were determined using enzyme–linked immunochemistry assay in 78 individuals including 19 hepatogenic diabetes, 20 type 2 diabetes (T2D), 20 chronic liver disease and 19 healthy controls. Cases and controls were matched by gender and body mass index (BMI). There is no difference in serum adiponectin levels among hepatogenic diabetic, T2D and healthy control groups. The levels of adiponectin are highest in chronic liver disease and lowest in T2D. Insulin levels are highest in hepatic diabetics and lowest in T2D. Hepatic diabetics have the lowest insulin sensitivity index (ISI). Serum adiponectin levels were negatively correlated with triglycerides and total cholesterol in T2D. Serum adiponectin is significantly increased in chronic liver disease, but lacks association with hepatogenic diabetes.

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